14th November – World Diabetes Day
On 14 of November, is marked the World Diabetes Day, a disease that affects around 425 million people over worldwide, and 1 in 2 people do not know that they have the disease. The date aims to alert the population about the risks associated with the disease, ways of prevention and identify the warning signs and the importance of diagnosis.
The most common form of diabetes is type 2, where the body can no longer use insulin as it should, is usually associated with overweight and sedentary lifestyle and is more common in adults over 30 years. Type 1 diabetes is considered an autoimmune disease, where few or any insulin is released into the body, being impossible for cells to absorb glucose, is often detected in childhood and the patient becomes completely dependent on insulin.
Diabetes is a leading cause of blindness, foot and leg amputations, heart problems and kidney failure that can result in early death. It is a disease that can be prevented through a balanced diet and healthy lifestyle.
For 2019, the theme chosen is “Family and Diabetes”, which aims to reflect on the impact that diabetes has on family life and the importance that family support has on disease control, prevention and identification of major symptoms.