6 th February - International Day of Zero Tolerance for Female Genital Mutilation
February 6 marked the International Day of Zero Tolerance to Female Genital Mutilation, a practice that violates human and women's rights.
Female genital mutilation consists of the partial or total removal of a woman's external genitalia, often performed due to rituals or religious beliefs and using blades or other non-sterile instruments. This practice causes serious hemorrhages, infections, including HIV/AIDS, Hepatitis B and C, difficulties in eliminating urine and menstrual flow, complications in childbirth, difficulties and pain in sexual intercourse, as well as severe psychological consequences and even death.
UNICEF (United Nations Children's Fund) and UNFPA (United Nations Population Fund) lead the largest global program to accelerate the elimination of female genital mutilation which affects about 8000 women per day and is a clear violation of human rights. It is estimated that 140 million women around the world live with some form of genital mutilation.
In Angola, FGM is prohibited and is currently being inserted in the new penal code as a crime of corporal punishment, punished between 2 and 10 years in prison. Although not a common practice in the country, due to the migratory flow, several cases are identified per year.